Arab Republic of Egypt
Law No. 144 of 2006 regarding the regulation of the demolition of buildings and installations that can not fall and the preservation of architectural heritage
In the name of the people
President of the Republic
The People's Assembly has decided the following law, which we have issued:
Without prejudice to the provisions of Law No. 49 of 1977 regarding the rental and sale of premises and the organization of the relationship between the lessor and the tenant and the law for the protection of antiquities issued by Law No. 117 of 1983, the provisions of this law shall apply to buildings and installations that are not liable to fall, as well as buildings and establishments, The first paragraph of Article 2 of this law, whatever its location or owner.
It is prohibited to authorize the demolition or addition of buildings and installations of a distinctive architectural style associated with the national history or a historical figure or that represent a historical period or a tourist attraction, without prejudice to the legal compensation.
It is not permissible to demolish or otherwise attempt to demolish it except with a license issued in accordance with the provisions of this law.
The Prime Minister shall issue a decision on the standards and specifications of the buildings and establishments referred to in the first paragraph, on the proposal of the Minister of Culture Affairs in agreement with the competent ministers and after the approval of the Council of Ministers.
A decision by the Prime Minister shall be issued by the determination of such buildings and facilities.
And shall assess the compensation referred to in the first paragraph and upon the expropriation of the building or establishment committee formed by a decision of the Minister concerned with housing affairs. In both cases the compensation may be in kind at the request of the owner.
The concerned parties shall be entitled to appeal against the decision of the Committee within sixty days from the date of informing them of a letter recommended with the knowledge of reaching a committee formed by a decision of the Prime Minister, including representatives of the ministries and concerned parties.
The State may at any time, at its expense, notify the owner and the occupants of such work as it deems necessary to support, repair and maintain the buildings and facilities prohibited for demolition referred to in the first paragraph of Article 2 of this law, all in accordance with the procedures and rules specified by the executive regulations of this law.
Each governorate shall be formed by a decision of the Governor, one or more permanent committees composed of:
- A representative of the Ministry of Culture, chosen by the Minister of Culture and chaired by the Committee.
- Representative of the Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development selected by the Minister of Housing Affairs.
- Two represent the province.
- Five faculty members in universities specialized in the fields of architecture, structural engineering, archeology, history and arts chosen by the heads of specialized universities at the request of the competent governor.
The Committee shall be responsible for enumerating the buildings and establishments provided for in the first paragraph of Article 2 of this law and periodically reviewing this inventory.
The competent governor shall submit the decisions of the Committee to the Prime Minister.
The executive regulations of this Law shall specify the manner in which the Commission shall perform its work, the bases on which it operates, its own records and the data recorded therein.
Upon notification by the Prime Minister, they may lodge a complaint with the Committee referred to in the last paragraph of Article 2 within one month from the date of receipt of the notification. After payment of a fee not exceeding one hundred pounds, and may be increased annually by a rate not exceeding 5%, and shall be decided within sixty days from the date of submission.
The executive regulations of this law shall specify the procedures for examining grievances and the categories of this fee.
The request for a demolition license shall be submitted to the competent administrative authority by the owner of the building or the establishment or his legal representative, signed by him and a trade union engineer (civil or building), in accordance with the procedures specified by the executive regulations of this law.
The license applicant shall pay a review fee and issue not exceeding one thousand pounds, and may be increased annually by no more than 5%. The executive regulations of this law shall specify the categories of this fee.
The competent administrative authority shall issue its decision in the application within 30 days from the date of its submission.
The decision of the competent administrative authority shall be approved by the competent governor within fifteen days from the date of its issuance. If the concerned parties object to it within 15 days from the date of informing them by a letter recommended with the knowledge of arrival, the governor shall refer the matter within fifteen days to the minister responsible for housing affairs Within thirty days from the date of referral, and the decision thereof shall be final.
The competent administrative authority shall issue the license in accordance with the procedures specified by the executive regulations of this law.
Subject to the provisions of the Engineers Syndicate Law, the licensed owner of the demolition or his legal representative undertakes to entrust a civil or architectural union engineer with supervising the implementation of the demolition works that are authorized for the duration of their implementation. He also undertakes to contract with a specialized contractor to carry out the authorized demolitions.
It shall not be permitted to start the demolition work at least two weeks before the notification of the competent administrative authority.
The executive regulations of this law shall specify the cases in which the use of another or more of the necessary specialized engineers and the conditions required by the executing contractor shall be required, in accordance with the quality of the authorized demolitions, as well as the organization of the cases In which it is necessary to establish committees for the work of the inspections and the system of work of these committees.
In the case of commencement of the demolition works, they must be terminated within a maximum period of one year from the date of commencement of the works. In case of exceeding this period,