Pompey's Pillar Area
فئة الموقع الاثرى
Greek and Roman monuments
نوع الموقع الاثرى
عنوان الموقع الاثرى
At the intersection of Al-Amoud Street and Mandour Street (next to the Muslim tombs in the column) in Karmouz - Alexandria
8 am - 5 pm
• Egyptian 20EG.P• Egyptian student 5 EG.P• Foreign 80EG.P • Foreign student40 EG.P
توصيف الموقع الاثري
Pompey's Pillar or (Diocletianus Pillar) is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Alexandria. It was erected in the area between the Muslim Cemetery known today as the Pillar Cemetery and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa. The Pillar is about 26.85m. high and made of red granite. It is the last remaining object of the Serapeum Temple (the Temple of Serapis) constructed by King Ptolemy III during the Third Century B.C. which was the biggest and most important temple in Alexandria during the Greco Roman Era.
The area was known as "The Pillar" for Arab travelers and as "Pompey's Pillar" for the Crusades historians. Alexandrians erected this pillar inside the Serapeum Temple sanctuary and dedicated it to Emperor Diocletianus (248-305 AD) in order to thank him for redistributing the wheat share that was supposed to be sent from Egypt to Rome. On the upper part of the Pillar's base there is a Greek inscription that can be read only when the rays of the sun fall obliquely upon the surface of the stone. The inscription reads: "To the most just Emperor, tutelary of Alexandria Diocletian, the invincible, Postumus, the Prefect of Egypt (has erected this monument)".