Saqqara is the only Necropolis in Egypt that encompasses tombs since the Early Dynastic Period; it also has lots of monuments from the Greco Roman Period. It is one of the most important archaeological areas in Egypt for its tombs with magnificent inscriptions as well as pyramids, tombs and the Serapeum. The Necropolis derived its name from the god "Sokar". Saqqara's most important monuments can be indicated through dividing the area into some sectors:
· The North sector, including a group of tombs the most important of them is the tomb of Ka-aper (Sheikh el-Balad), the tomb of Hesy-Ra, the underground rock cut galleries for the burial of mummified ibises as well as mastabas of some kings of the First and Second Dynasties.
·The Middle Sector, which is the most important Sector in the whole Cemetry for including the mortuary complex of King Djeser/ Zosar inside a great wall with the Stepped Pyramid, the earliest stone pyramid construction at its center. There is also the Pyramid of King Userkaf (first king of the Fifth Dynasty).
· Titi Pyramid Sector, including the Pyramid of Titi (first king of the Sixth Dyniasty) and the two pyramids of his two wives as well as a group of the nobles' tombs such as Mereruka's tomb.
·The Western Sector, including the Serapeumwhich was a burial place of Apis/ sacred bulls during the Twenty Sixth Dynasty. The Serapeum continued to be used until the Ptolemaic period.
·Unas Pyramid Sector, including the pyramid of Unas and its complex. The importance of this Pyramid lies in the pyramids texts that were carved on its walls. Those texts include religious spells or prayers for the dead.
· The South Sector, including the pyramids of the most important kings of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, some queens pyramids and the Tomb of Shepseskaf which is also known as Mastabat al-Fir'aun or the Pharaoh's Mastaba.