All historic and ecclesiastical resources agreed that this area is the last spot reached by the Holy Family in Upper Egypt in the blessed historic journey from north to south, this spot then became the sanctuary of the Church of Virgin Mary.
The Monastery is about 20 feddan, so it is one of the largest and greatest monasteries in the Egyptian deserts, it is surrounded by an external wall, inside it a yard for celebration, a residence building and a garden, then another wallenclosing the Monastery.
The Monastery is divided from inside into three sections by internal walls; the outer section contains the new Church of Virgin Mary, the residence building, the divan (division)of the deputy and his belongings, libraries for selling the publications of the Monastery and some service annexes such as animal farms, fuel storages and others. The middle section contains the residence palace and some gardens and behind it there is a table. The last section contains the churches of the Monastery and the monastic cells.
The Monastery contains as well five churches in addition to the church's fort; two of them disappeared in the ancient times. The ancient Church of Virgin Mary is older than the Monastery as it dates back to the 1st C. AD.