The area was discovered in 1960 by the SCA in collaboration with the Polish Mission represented by the Polish Center of Mediterranean Archaeology.
The importance of this area lies in encompassing a group of valuable monuments dating back to Ptolemaic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic Ages in addition to its distinguished position. The area represents the south western borders of the royal district- the most important and greatest district in the ancient city- it is also very close to the city center.
The Area includes the Roman Theatre building, the Roman Bath, the Cisterns, the Old Alexandria University and a group of ancient villas that date back to early Roman Age such as the Villa of the Birds which is considered a museum for the Roman mosaic. The Area also includes a number of archaeological streets and lobbies which represents a live sample of the Roman life through history.